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How to Write an SAT Essay, Step by Step

张贴了 劳拉·斯塔尔甘瑞| Dec 26, 2020 10:16:00 PM

坐写SAT Essay

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SAT Essay writing requires a very specific set of skills. It's a little daunting to think that you only have 50 minutes to read a passage, analyze it, and then write an essay. But don't worry—获得顶级SAT论文分数位于每个人的范围内!最可靠的成绩方式是遵循我们的SAT散文模板,每篇文章并预先准备好。

In this article,we'll show you how to write a great SAT essay。在编写SAT文章时,我们将带您完成您需要遵循的所有步骤,以向您展示如何让您可以将杀手留在一起。

Update: End of the SAT Essay

In January 2021, the College Board announced that在2021年6月之后,它将不再提供坐限的论文部分(除了在学校测试期间选择的学校)。虽然大多数大学已经被搬到了坐在散文分数的可选中,但大学董事会的这一举措可能会导致大多数学校制作大学申请的变化,就像没有看过SAT的文章分数一样and行为or potentially requiring additional writing samples for placement.

Learn more about what the end of the SAT Essay means for your college apps and what to do if you're signed up for the Essay test and no longer want to take it with this article

If you haven't already, read our article on15 tips for improving your SAT essay。我们将在我们的文章示例中使用来自该文章的教训。后来回到这篇文章。

Overview: Before You Start Writing

我们将根据我们共享的提示来计划并编写一篇文章以响应下面的示例SAT论文提示。如果您遵循下面的计划并练习它流利的50分钟文章,您可以在SAT论文中保证6/6/6或以上。

让我们开始阅读并理解提示:

Write an essay in which you explain how Peter S. Goodman builds an argument to persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage.

Source:官方SAT学习指南;在提示中引用的文章也可以免费找到(未修饰)免费here

Hint: Read The Prompt Before Reading The Passage

As we mentioned in our15 SAT论文提示文章那the author's argument that you'll be discussing is in thefirst line of the prompt:“写一篇论文,你解释了彼得斯。古德曼如何建立一个争论,说服他的观众,即新闻组织应该增加向美国人民提供的专业外国新闻报道金额。”这是您在论文中解构所需的论点。

撰写SAT论文包括四个主要阶段

  1. Reading:5-10分钟
  2. Analyzing & Planning:7-12分钟
  3. 写作:25-35 minutes
  4. 修改:2-3分钟

There’s a wide time range for a few of these stages, since people work at different rates. Some people, for instance, will be a lot faster at reading than they are at planning, while it might be the other way around for others. You'll need to find the timing combination that works best for you through a little bit of trial and error.

写作需要大量50分钟,但阅读和分析和规划是SAT论文写作过程的同样重要的部分。

第1阶段:阅读该段落(5-10分钟)

有几种不同的方法可以通过坐在的文章上的通道阅读,每个方法都有自己的优势。不管您使用哪种策略,请务必留意时间,所以你没有时间分析和写作!

如果你可以直接通过通道直接,而不会在细节上挂断局面,请去它。这种策略适用于自然快速读者的学生,并没有在时间压力下分散注意力。

如果您是一个慢读者,请焦虑在定时情况下读取,或者发现文章的主题是令人困惑的,您可能希望尝试浏览文章。您可以使用类似的策略对您可能使用的人使用类似的策略坐着阅读段落

在任何一种情况下,你都想确保你get a good idea of the way the passage is laid out before you do a detailed pass through it.Why?

您可能会多次通过该段落的部分阅读,以确保您完全理解它。在您做任何详细分析之前,请在段落中提供快速阅读,可以帮助水泥将要回到哪些部件以及哪些部分并不重要。

当您回到更详细的阅读文章时,肯定会keep an eye out for论证建设技巧and totry to remain objective。You may want to circle or underline examples of these techniques as you read, which leads right into the next stage of SAT essay writing.

Stage 2: Analyze and Plan (7-12 minutes)

许多学生在坐在课程上抵制计划,因为它已经感觉就像没有足够的时间阅读和写作,更不用说拿走一些宝贵的时间来计划。但从我们这里拿走它:你有一个计划更好。这是因为SAT论文评分机看了一个明确的结构:introduction, conclusion, and specific evidence in between. It's almost impossible to create this kind of structure and still write quickly without a plan

您可以在分析它时写遍所有段落 -圈或下划线关键点,在利润率等中涂鸦。这样,当你回到你的论文中引用作者时,你不会搜索报价或支持细节的文本。

标记你的段落的一种方法是编号您的示例,然后在通道中缠绕和编号任何证据您将参考每个段落。另一种选择是在规划和概述的段落以及细节的位置编写详细信息的简要说明。在分析和规划阶段在分析和规划阶段取得这一时期,最终将在长期奔跑时节省时间。

我个人觉得很有帮助take notes as I read the passage and then organize them into an essay outline。以下是我采取的完全清晰的笔记,因为我正在分析论文提示的段落:

body_SATessay_notes1.jpg

当我正在阅读这段经文时,我潦草地潦草地潦草地说明了关键的细节,以及我用它们在论文中支持我的论文的方式。例如,我写道,“最后一段 - 我们需要......我们需要(x4) - >整体使用“我们”将读者绘制到他的pov中” in my notes. This describes我想谈论什么(作者使用“我们”这个词和“我们需要”),what it means(it draws the reader into agreeing with his point of view), and这在段落中示出了这一点(最后完整段落)。

然后,我将这些注释组织成一些概述我可以用来计划组织我的论文。

body_satessay_notes2.jpg.

Here's a (rough) transcription of my outline:

介绍

Facts/evidence
-first paragraph stats and facts - to show issue is real, lend credibility
-by not explaining has a couple of effects
->forces reader to draw own conclusions/think about which draws them into the argument
- > alt使读者在休息O /文章中查看作者(B / C在First +上有事实,所以可以信任)

推理
- 欺负反驳
-so very easily could’ve gone on a rant abt twitter which would’ve undercut argument, disconnected from reader
-instead,提供社交媒体有用的例子(阿拉伯春天)
-Countergument是更强大的结果 - 更认真地抓住他的“不安”

Diction/style
- “我们”绘制读者,使作者同情(不讲)
-contrasts b/t ideal + real, b/t prof + amateur engage reader in the comparison, force to admit author is right
-language elsewhere reinforces the idea that prof journalism under siege, words like “assailing” and “eroding”

Conclusion

您可以看到在标有“用作”的部分中,第一点是“我们”绘制读者,使作者同情(未讲)“

如果你足够舒服,你可以结合这两个步骤;我发现分离它们会造成压力,以确保我以有组织的方式记笔记。

第3阶段:写入直到2-3分钟(25-35分钟)

Once you have your analysis and planning done, it’s time to write like the wind. If you’ve taken notes and planned effectively, you should be able to jump right in and not have to go back and forth too much between the text and your essay.

Body Paragraphs

For most people, writing body paragraphs is easier than writing introductions. If this is the case,从身体段落开始,只需在页面顶部留下10行左右稍后添加简介。一个例子应该占1-2段。

Let's use a methodical structure to try out a body paragraph about how the author uses a counterargument to add support to his own claim. The sample paragraphs below are all taken from an essay that I handwrote (and planned) in the 50-minute time limit.

Sample Body Paragraph

Start with a transition:

除了对他的论点的优势雇用事实,善意还狡猾地讨论了他的立场的反驳。

Then (briefly) introduce your topic:

By writing about how social media and man-on-the-ground reporting has assisted the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass.

解释示例的上下文和与论文的关系:

It would have been very easy for Goodman to ignore the whole issue of citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing. Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like “the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances.” As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating the “unease” many longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of ‘citizen journalism’ feel, the reader agrees.

Clearly state, in one sentence, how it is proof of your thesis:

Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in turn, to take Goodman’s concern about the limits of social media seriously.

当你把所有这些都放在一起时,它是一个胜利的身体段落。We start with a smooth transition from the introduction (or previous body paragraph), give enough background to understand why the example is relevant, and then connect it back to the thesis for the knockout punch.

Try to read through this again so the structure really makes sense to you.

Notice how this is formulaic –every one of your body paragraphs can be written in this structure那and you’ll get an excellent score! Having a structure like this will make many students less anxious about the new SAT essay.

然后,您将通过其他1-2示例进行上述进程。在某些情况下,提交人构建他/她的论点的方式的一个非常好的例子就足够了,如果你能在没有重复自己的情况下编写2-3个相关段落。但有两个例子通常更安全,因为它会让你更好地展示你理解这段经文的程度。

介绍duction and Conclusion

After finishing your body paragraphs, don't forget your介绍和结论段落。都应该简要提到作者的argument and the examples you're using to support your thesis, but everything else is up to you. Some students write about the concept in general, and others just try to restate the thesis in different ways. Even a couple of sentences is better than nothing—try to scribble something in even if you're running out of time.

示例简介段落

In the article “Foreign News at a Crisis Point,” Peter S. Goodman eloquently argues the point that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. Goodman builds his argument by using facts and evidence, addressing the counterarguments, and couching it all in persuasive and compelling language.

第4阶段:修改(2-3分钟)

很像规划SAT论文,对大多数学生来说都是不必要的。但相信我们,它将有助于您的分数。有两个原因:

  1. 修改helps you改变你的词汇和修复错误and/or illegible words
  2. 如果你知道你会修改,你可以写得更快因为你不必担心让它完美

On the SAT essay, you can cross out words that you don’t want the grader to read. You don’t need to waste time erasing them, unless you want to replace them with something else.

所以你修改后怎么办?好吧,让我们拍摄之前写的身体段落并修改它。新文字是粗体

除了对他的论点的优势雇用事实,善意还狡猾地讨论了他的立场的反驳。By writing about how social media and man-on-the-ground reporting has辅助有一些积极的影响on the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass. It would have been very easy for Goodman toignoreelifethe whole issue of citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing. Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like “the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances.” As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating his the “unease” many for longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of ‘citizen journalism’ feel, the readeragrees.is much more likely to believe him. After all, Goodman acknowledges that social media does have some power.Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in turn, to take Goodman’s concern about the limits of social media seriously.

此时,您将有一个完整的胜利文章。

Want to see what this essay looks like put all together? Read our article on如何在SAT文章中获得完美的8

我们这里的目标是向您展示SAT文章的公式化。通过使文章更加预测,你会考虑到游戏计划的每一次测试,使文章更容易(和不那么可怕!)。

body_ivegotaplan-1.jpg.信息跌落:荞麦斯特富勒的世界游戏通过哥伦比亚GSAPP,使用CC BY 2.0/裁剪和调整原始大小。

"Guys guys guys! I figured out a plan for the SAT essay!"

Where to Go From Here

Now you know如何编写SAT论文。To put this information to good use, you need to practice with真正的SAT论文提示。We’ve written the mostcomprehensive guide to SAT essay topics and prompts here

Aiming for a perfect SAT essay score?阅读我们的指南以获得策略如何在您的SAT论文中获得8/8/8

And if you haven’t read our15 SAT论文提示文章然而,do so now!

Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points?

看看我们的一流的在线定律准备课程。我们保证你的钱回来如果您没有提高您的SAT得分,则为160分或更大。

我们的课程完全在线,他们是由SAT专家讲授如果你喜欢这篇文章,你会喜欢我们的课程。Along with expert-led classes, you'll get personalized homework with thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step, custom program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next.

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劳拉·斯塔尔甘瑞
About the Author

Laura毕业的Magna奖项从Wellesley College享受音乐和心理学的BA,并在吟游诗人学院纪念音乐学院获得了硕士学位。她在饱和和格雷上得分99个百分位数,并喜欢向学生提供如何在高中Excel的学生。



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